[name] "Han Dynasty high ancient jade double ear vase"
High ancient jade is mostly used by emperors, royal officials and dignitaries. It has profound connotation in material, manufacturing technology and cultural atmosphere. It was formed in the early Western Zhou Dynasty when the emperor wore it on his chest to show his prestige.
In the Western Zhou Dynasty, the emperor, the etiquette, the order of the world, and the ancient dragon should also be specifically visualized. This dragon is made of peculiar jade materials, which gathers the spirit shapes of many things. It is carved with Yin line and oblique knife technique. The skill of the knife is perfect. Horse head, ox nose, shark mouth, eye ray eye, sheep horn, snake neck, single foot, bird belly, tiger tail, fishtail. The model is complete, vivid and powerful. This jade dragon changes with light.
Not long ago, a topaz band hook of the Western Han Dynasty appeared in Christie's autumn auction in London. It was estimated to be 100000-150000 pounds before the auction. However, after fierce competition among on-site bidders, the final transaction price reached 82525000 pounds, the highest record of jade auction in the Han Dynasty. Beijing palace museum said that the current domestic market for high-quality jades is not very hot. The scarcity of existing products and the flood of counterfeits make the price of high-quality jades hard to return to the real. With the impact of the financial crisis, the domestic market value of high-quality jades is much lower than its real value. At present, it is a good time to collect high antiques.
High ancient jade is mostly used by emperors, royal officials and dignitaries. It has profound connotation in material, manufacturing technology and cultural atmosphere. In addition to appreciating the ancient jade carving skills and appreciating the historical and cultural connotation of the verve flying in the high ancient jade, playing with a piece of high ancient jade is like reading the legend of a long history. The human story played by the ancient jade in the hand is vague and considerable, ancient and harmonious, human jade is smart, and the mood of the player can not be expressed in words. The high ancient jade of great value has a very exquisite craftsmanship. Whether it's a shallow relief sculpture, an openwork sculpture or a Yin line depiction, it's simple and delicate. The "eight swords of Han Dynasty" and the double groove milling method (also known as "hairline carving") are more difficult to imitate nowadays.
高古玉器（汉代前）的取材，有的源于地方玉 ，有的来自新疆的和阗玉，大都取材于河床中的籽料或山流水料，这两种玉料因剥离矿床时间很久，在不同的外界环境下，其自身已形成了玉皮和沁色。但是古人制玉却认为皮和沁全是杂质而将其去掉只保留玉的精华部分、(商代的一些小动物留有玉皮及巧色) 高古玉器大部分都带有沁色。玉质的不同、地域不同、土壤的环境不同、埋藏的时间不同等因素造成玉的沁色也不同，有时一件玉器上会有几种沁色。分辨古玉的各种沁色可以断定古玉的真伪。我们如今看到真古玉的沁色都是成器后沁入的。
The materials of high ancient jades (before Han Dynasty) are from local jades, Hetian Jades from Xinjiang, mostly from seed materials or mountain water materials in the river bed. These two kinds of jades have formed jade skin and Qinse in different external environments due to the long time of stripping the deposit. But the ancients made jade that the skin and Qin were all impurities and removed them, only preserving the essence of jade. (some of the Shang Dynasty's small animals had jade skin and clever coloring). Most of the ancient jade articles were colored with color. Different jade quality, different region, different soil environment, different burial time and other factors lead to different Qinse of jade. Sometimes there are several Qinse on a piece of jade. It can be concluded that ancient jade is true or false by distinguishing its various colors. Now we see that the color of the real ancient jade is all after it is made.
There are many kinds of high ancient jade, such as Hongqin, zhushaqin, Tuqin, shuiqin, metalqin, yinshuiqin and so on. The main colors presented are red, yellow, black, white, green, purple, blue and transition colors. The word "Qinse" is a general concept, in fact, it should be the color change and state characteristics of the external chemical elements in the jade. Color is different from the natural color of jade from the outside world of other pigments. The non interactive state is characterized by the relative independence of color and no mutual change with the molecular structure of jade. The form of interaction is that the external elements and the internal elements change each other, thus changing the essential structure of jade. This process often takes a long time.
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